Corn is one of the most important cereals for human and animal consumption and is grown for grain and forage. Present world production is about 594 million tons of grain from about 139 million Hectares (Ha). As of 2020, the United States was the largest producer of corn with a production amounting to approximately 361 million tons or 60% of world production. Most of the corn that is grown are Genetically Modified (GMO) but only 23 EU countries – and to a lesser extent some countries in Asia and Americas – do not grow GMO corn (Picture above: Corn field).
It is a staple food in many parts of the world surpassing both Wheat and Rice. There are 6 major types of corn, namely dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn and sweet corn. In addition to being consumed by humans, there is also the downstreaming of corn to various items and purposes.
We provide consultation on how to develop the downstreaming of corn. Corn has many purposes, ranging from being a source of Food, to the production of Biofuels, and all the way to its use in the Chemicals Industry.
A brief summary of the various downstreaming purposes are listed below :
DOWNSTREAMING OF CORN (Picture above: Ripe corn)
* Starch from Corn can be made into plastics, fabrics, adhesives and other chemical products.
* Corn steep liquor is used in the biochemical industry and research, as a medium to grow micro-organisms.
* Feed Corn is also used for heating as it contains oil and ethanol for heat production.
* Corn cobs are also used as a biomass fuel source.
* Corn is also used as feedstock for the production of ethanol fuel.
* Corn is used to produce Corn Starch, used in home cooking and many industrialized food products.
* Corn is also used to make Corn Oil for cooking and is also a key ingredient in some margarines.
* Corn can be used to produce Sweeteners such as High Fructose Corn Syrup.
* Corn can be fermented and distilled to produce grain alcohol, Bourbon Whiskey.
* Corn Flour is used to both cooking and baking purposes.